Get to know Sunda Wiwitan, Religion which is influenced by the Baduy Society. What is the Concept of Their Worship
02 November 2018 Septyan Bayu Anggara Travel 265
Get to know Sunda Wiwitan, Religion which is influenced by the Baduy Society. What is the Concept of Their Worship Hipwee Travel will provide special coverage of popular tourist destinations in Indonesia. We named it the Travel Exploration Reportage. Every month we will explore a destination that is often a traveler's dream. Not only the destination, we will also discuss the point of view and other stories about the destination that have never been prioritized.

For this month's destination, our choice fell to Baduy, a traditional village as well as a hidden tourist spot in remote Banten. There are 5 articles in the Baduy Tourism Exploration Reportage that will be published on Hipwee. Consider the third article that will discuss the beliefs of the Baduy people, namely Sunda Wiwitan. What is religion like and how is it worshiped?

First Article: Overnight Sensation Stay at Inner Baduy. Harmony with Nature Without Electricity, Cellphone and Toilet!

Second Article: Political Views of the Baduy Tribe: Asked to Choose Jokowi or Prabowo, Here's the Answer

Baduy Village is in Sunda land, precisely in the Lebak Regency of Banten. Although from the beginning, Sunda was very synonymous with Islam, it turned out that there were ancestral beliefs that were still preserved in some parts of Sunda. One of them in Inner Baduy. The belief flow that is still adhered to by the majority of Baduy residents is Sunda Wiwitan.

Maybe you are not too familiar with the Sunda Wiwitan sect. This is understandable considering that the government only recognizes 6 official religions in Indonesia, namely Islam, Christianity, Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism and Confucianism. Its existence is not recognized by Sunda Wiwitan. Then how do the Baduy residents fill their KTP column?

Sunda Wiwitan is a belief flow that is preserved from Sundanese ancestors from the past

Wiwitan Sundanese belief is the flow of worship of the forces of nature and ancestral spirits commonly called animism and dynamism. Wiwitan itself means as a prefix. So Sunda Wiwitan is believed to be the 'religion' of Sundanese society in the past. Even so, Sunda Wiwitan is also inseparable from the concept of monotheism because there is the highest power, namely Sang Hyang Kersa, which is equated with God Almighty.

There are three kinds of nature in the Sunda Wiwitan belief as mentioned in the pantun about the mythology of the Kanekes: Buana Nyungcung: the dwelling place of Sang Hyang Kersa, which is located at the top of the Central Puana: a place where humans and other creatures are located in the middle , located at the bottom

This concept is like heaven, earth and hell. The concepts that exist in most world religions.

What is the ritual religion of Sunda Wiwitan that is adopted by the Baduy people? Is it the same or similar to other religions?

"Baduy worship is behavioral worship. So worship is in the heart and acts. Yes, doing good, saying good, behaving well, not stealing, it is also a Sundanese Wiwitan worship, "said Mr. Ardi, one of the residents of Cibeo, Inner Baduy.

Besides behavior, the Baduy residents also fasted at Kawalu. They fasted for 3 months where in a day they did not eat and drink for almost 24 hours. Baduy residents fast from 6pm and break at 4pm the next day. Then 6 o'clock fasting again. The Baduy people while praying ask the Almighty God that this country be given a sense of security, peace and prosperity.

"Yes, rich in Islam, the Baduy also fast. Three months while Kawalu. "After fasting, there will be a holiday similar to Eid," added Mr. Ardi.

During the tradition of celebrating Kawalu, the Baduy people pray solemnly. For this reason, all tourists are prohibited from entering the Inner Baduy area which is spread in Cibeo, Cikawartana and Cikeusik Villages. Usually Kawalu is held at the beginning of the year around February to April. So don't visit Baduy in those months.

This belief has been acculturated with Hinduism and also Islam. Hinduism is seen in worshiped gods. While Islam enters through fasting and kawalu rituals that are similar to Eid.

Baduy elders themselves ask the government so that they can fill the religious column with Sunda Wiwitan

"We hope that the beliefs of the Badui people, namely the Sunda Wiwitan Submarine, are recognized by the government and included on the KTP," said Ayah Mursid, Cibeo's traditional elder.

The flow of beliefs such as Sunda Wiwitan has not been recognized by the government. For now there are only 6 official religions recognized by the government. This means that the religion column on the KTP must be filled with these 6 religions. Baduy residents objected to the solution offered by the government, namely the religion column can be emptied for believers. This makes them seem to have no religion. Supposedly, the government officially recognized the Sunda Wiwitan sect as the religion of the Bedouin community which was the legacy of the ancestors.

Hopefully there is a meeting point and a solution from the government so that the trust of the Baduy people can be accommodated without making them feel they have no religion. One special thing from Baduy, its citizens are very polite, gentle and help each other. Their noble attitude could be because of the Sunda Wiwitan teachings that became their life guide.

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